Passé Composé: Avoir

Brief description of Passé Composé: Avoir

The passé composé is used to express an action completed in the past.  The passé composé of most verbs consists of a present tense form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” followed by the past participle.  To see the Passé Composé with Être, click here.

danser to dancePronoun + AvoirPast ParticipleComplete Phrase
first personj'aidanséj'ai dansé
second persontu asdansétu as dansé
third personil adanséil a dansé
first person pluralnous avonsdansénous avons dansé
second person pluralvous avezdansévous avez dansé
third person pluralils/elles ontdanséils/elles ont dansé

For regular verbs, it is best to simply remember these three rules rather than memorize a bunch of verbs.

Rule 1:  Verbs ending in ‘er’ become é (dancer >> dansé)
Rule 2:  Verbs ending in ‘ir’ become i (finir >> fini)
Rule 3:  Verbs ending in ‘re’ become u (perdre >> perdu)

In technical speak, replace the infinitive ending with the corresponding participle ending.

Here is the Passé Composé with Être.